Nov 10, 2017 in Ethics

Six Major Ethical Systems

Without any doubt, it can be stated that morality has absolute character, but not cultural or historical one. Despite the variety of ethical concepts, all of them in one way or another are directed towards the search of moral invariants. Morality, rejecting the absolutism of moral truths and absolutist claims, would not have the action of liability and would not serve as a guide to a human action. From the monotheistic religions’ point of view, ethical concepts are based on their rootedness in God. The Christian religion teaches that moral law inscribed by God lies in heart of every person regardless of their membership in a particular religion. Hence, the possibility to explore morality as a real-life phenomenon rests on this fact. Otherwise, ethics would have been forced to limit cultural studies to describing the manners of some human communities. Therefore, it would have become a part of the ethnography. Consequently, such an ethic would teach people how they need to act in different cultural communities rather than how they should act in general. It would be descriptive, rather than a normative science. However, the whole ethics is associated with figuring out what is appropriate for a person and what corresponds to certain laws of human existence. Such clarification presupposes that these laws actually exist. Consequently, the existence of many ethical systems does not mean the existence of different moral truths. These are simply different ways of understanding and different ways of correlating and defining. The assumption of many truths would mean the absence of the real object, expressed by these “truths”. Finally, the truth is only one but it is apprehended in different ways and gets different expressions. Ethical systems serve to help a human being to choose the most appropriate way for him/her to follow his/her life truths in one way or another. 

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